Threatened and you can systemic flowers secure tend to be Cardamine chelido, Cypripedium calceolus, Daphne blagayana, Lilium bulbiferum, L

Threatened and you can systemic flowers secure tend to be Cardamine chelido, Cypripedium calceolus, Daphne blagayana, Lilium bulbiferum, L

The new oceans from around three regional rivers, moving around the limestone and you will chalk over many thousands of years for the a great continued biogeological techniques, features placed absolute dams out-of travertine, undertaking a number of beautiful ponds, cascades and you will caves. The woods is actually a sanctuary for carries, wolves and some types of birds.

Geographic Place

Close to the Bosnia-Herzegovina border throughout the Dinaric slopes, 20 kilometres northwest out-of Bihac from inside the Bosnia and you can 110km southern area regarding Zagreb into the fundamental road southern area into the Adriatic. The approximate coordinates try forty-two° 44′ Letter to forty-two° 57’N and you will 15° 27′ so you can 15° 36′ E.

Physical Provides

Plitvice plateau lays at the 650-700m between the Licka Pljesevica (1,640m) and you will Mala Kapela (1,280m) slopes in fact it is intersected by the headwaters of your own Korana River, the brand new Monochrome streams. Top of the end of the Korana Valley overlying the fresh dolomite stratum are a wide basin carrying the top lakes since the down lakes invade a thin limestone canyon. New Plitvice Ponds basin was a development out-of physiological provider, a great karst lake basin regarding limestone and dolomite, with many sixteen ponds, about dams composed during the last 4000 ages from the deposition out of calcium supplements carbonate for the service by encrustation into the mosses (Bryum, Cratoneuron), alga and you may marine bacteria. So it leads to the structure, at about step 1-3cm/12 months, out of traps of phytogenetic travertine (calcareous tufa) with created the lakes of numerous products connected from the cascades and you can waterfalls, specific doing 25m tall. They have feature uncommon molds and incorporate travertine-roofed and you may vaulted caves.

The newest carbonates date regarding the Higher Triassic, Jurassic and you can Cretaceous decades and tend to be up to cuatro,000m thicker. Crushed systems tend to be humus on the limestone, rendzinas and you can brownish earth into limestone, removed and you may brownish removed earth to the limestone and you can humus, brown grounds additionally the got rid of grounds away from sinkholes. To maintain and you will maintain the fresh absolute properties of your own ponds out-of toxic contamination, the whole of the facial skin and more than of one’s subterranean drainage system might have been incorporated into the limitations of your Park. The new parts were layers of karstified limestone with dolomites of Jurassic decades.


The fresh new Federal Park lies on the latest border ranging from a slightly loving all the way down top rainy forest weather and you can a high height snowy tree environment, which have a yearly precipitation of 1,000-1,200mm. The fresh new height away from 700m more than sea-height or even the suggest temperature regarding -3° C on coldest times could have been drawn while the edge line among them climes.


You can find twenty two,308 ha of tree, which cover 75% of one’s Playground, six,957 ha out of meadow and 217 ha of lakes. The brand new tree constitutes pure really stands of beech Fagus sylvatica in the all the way down altitudes and mixed really stands of beech and you can fir Abies alba large up. This new percent from species is actually: 72.8% beech, twenty-two.1% fir, cuatro.7% liven Picea excelsa and 0.4% pine Pinus sylvestris. One area of 84 ha has never been slash possesses trees to 700 yrs old. The fresh forest can categorized with regards to their hidden dolomite and you may limestone strata. This new dolomite groups were tertiary oak, hornbeam Ostrya carpinifolia, liven and you can beech-fir woods. The brand new limestone groups provides a smaller sized number of tree systems, but defense a larger city having communities of spice and you can fern, liven when you look at the beech, coppiced hornbeam that have sumac Rhus cotinus, Italian maple Acer obtusatum and you may heather Erica spp. Hydrophytic groups away from black colored alder Alnus glutinosa, willow Salix spp., grey ivy, reeds and bulrush groups. Alpine beech groves grade on fir and you will beech forest, which have juniper Juniperus sp., and in the new valleys and on straight down mountains patches of sub-Mediterranean vegetation. You will find a massive mosaic away from meadow teams, based on height, geology soils or other facts, from inside the about three classes: Festuco-Brometea, Nardo-Calunatea, Molinio-Arrhenatheretea and Scheuchzerio-caricatea fuscae. carniolicum, Primula kitaibeliana, P. wulfeniana, Ruscus hypoglossum and you will Paeonia mascula.

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